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ENGLISH GRAMMAR WORKBOOK FOR DUMMIES PDF

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English Grammar Workbook For Dummies, UK Edition is grammar First Aid for anyone wanting to perfect their English and develop the practical skills needed to . Geraldine Woods Author, English Grammar Workbook For Dummies Learn to: • Get down to basics with the rules of English grammar • Improve. Read English Grammar Workbook For Dummies PDF Ebook by Geraldine custom-speeches.comhed by For Dummies, ePUB/PDF

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Get More and Do More at Dummies. Hoboken, NJ www. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc. For general information on our other products and services, please contact our Customer Care Department within the U. For technical support, please visit www. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books.

Library of Congress Control Number: About the Author Geraldine Woods began her education when teachers still supplied ink wells to their students. She credits her year career as an English teacher to a set of ultra-strict nuns armed with thick gram- mar books. Dedication I dedicated the first edition of English Grammar For Dummies to my husband and son, who were then — and remain — the hearts of my life.

This book is dedi- cated with great love to all of them. I appreciate the work of Susan Hobbs and Martha Payne, editors whose attention and intelligence guided my writing.

Any errors that remain are mine alone. I also appreciate the efforts of Lisa Queen, my agent, and of Stacy Kennedy, Wiley acquisitions editor. For other comments, please contact our Customer Care Department within the U. Some of the people who helped bring this book to market include the following: Susan Hobbs Acquisitions Editor: Stacy Kennedy Copy Editor: Susan Hobbs Assistant Editor: Joe Niesen Technical Editor: Martha Payne Editorial Manager: Carmen Krikorian Editorial Assistant: Alicia B.

South Cover Photos: Rich Tennant www. Sheree Montgomery Layout and Graphics: Nancy L. Reinhardt Indexer: Contents at a Glance Introduction Getting Down to Basics: The Parts of the Sentence I Already Know How to Talk.

Why Should I Study Grammar? The Heart of the Sentence Understanding Verb Tense How to Find the Subject Having It All: The Complete Sentence Handling Complements Avoiding Common Errors Do You Feel Bad or Badly?

The Lowdown on Adjectives and Adverbs Small Words, Big Trouble: Everyone Brought Their Homework: Pronoun Errors Just Nod Your Head: About Agreement No Garage, but Plenty of Mechanics The Pause That Refreshes: Useful Little Marks: Dashes, Hyphens, and Colons New Media, New Grammar Rules Pronouns and Their Cases Fine-Tuning Verbs Saying What You Want to Say: Descriptive Words and Phrases Good, Better, Best: Parallels Without the Lines Part V: The Last Word on Verbs The Last Word on Pronouns The Last Word on Sentence Structure The Part of Tens Ten Ways to Learn Better Grammar Table of Contents Introduction Conversational English Formal English Solutions to Your Grammar Gremlins The Heart of the Sentence.

The Giant Equal Sign Action Verb! Locating the Verb Understanding Verb Tense. The Simple Tenses The Perfect Tenses Irregular Verbs How to Find the Subject. Why the Subject Is Important Subject and verb pairs Two for the price of one Locating the Subject—Verb Pairs Unusual Word Order Detecting You-Understood Avoiding Fake Verbs and Subjects Forming the Plural of Nouns Irregular plurals Hyphenated plurals The Complete Sentence.

The Essential Subjects and Verbs Joining Ideas of Unequal Ranks Understanding Endmarks Handling Complements. Direct objects Indirect objects Objective complements Subject Complements Locating the Complement Finding the Indirect Object The Lowdown on Adjectives and Adverbs. Not just for magazines Identifying adjectives Finding the adverb Prepositional Phrases and Their Objects Questions that identify the objects of the prepositions Prepositions and Pronouns Pronoun Errors.

About Agreement. Making Subjects and Verbs Agree Prepositional Phrases and Other Irrelevant Words Agreement with Difficult Subjects Alone or with partners Using Apostrophes to Show Possession Plural possessives Identifying Speaker Changes Using Sanitizing Quotation Marks When to Use Quotation Marks Commas in Series Commas tell the tale Direct Address Introductory Words Dashes, Hyphens, and Colons.

Directions, Places, and Languages Courses, Years, and Subjects Events and Eras New Media, New Grammar Rules. Text and Instant Messages Pronouns and Their Cases. Choosing Subject Pronouns Pairs of subjects No Exorcist Needed Fine-Tuning Verbs. Sequence of Tenses Simultaneous events — main verbs Simultaneous events — verbals Events at two different times in the past More than two past events, all at different times Two events in the future Different times, different verb forms The Verb Tells the Story Descriptive Words and Phrases.

Misplaced Descriptions Irregular Comparisons Incomplete Comparisons Illogical Comparisons Double Comparisons Parallels Without the Lines.

Avoiding Stalled Sentences Conjunction Pairs The Last Word on Verbs. The Indicative Mood The Imperative Mood The Subjunctive Mood The Last Word on Pronouns. Horse and carriage Getting rhythm Clarifying Vague Pronoun References Selecting Pronouns for Collective Nouns The Last Word on Sentence Structure. Ten Ways to Learn Better Grammar.

English Grammar For Dummies, 2nd Editionxvi When the first edition of English Grammar For Dummies came out in , an elderly man asked me about something that had puzzled him for eight decades: Why did his church, St. For the answer, turn to Chapter I said no, though the notion of a two-story-tall neon semicolon was tempting.

Lots of people became tongue- tied, sure that I was judging their choice of who or whom.

Grammar does change, though usually an elderly snail moves faster than a grammarian pondering whether to drop a comma. As the world is now texting, tweeting, and PowerPointing all over the place, this edi- tion of English Grammar For Dummies shows you how to handle all sorts of electronic communications, with special attention to business situations. In the current fragile economy, you need every possible edge, and proper gram- mar is always an advantage.

Also, the SAT — that loveable exam facing college applicants — added a writ- ing section recently. This book covers all the material likely to be tested on the SAT and the ACT another fun hurdle of the college-admissions process and alerts you to exam favorites with a special new icon.

Just browse through the table of contents and look for things that you often get wrong. How to Use This Book Each chapter introduces some basic ideas and then shows you how to choose the correct sentence when faced with two or three alternatives.

If I define a term — linking verbs, for example — I show you a practical situation in which identifying a linking verb matters — in choosing the right pronoun, perhaps. I center the examples in the text so that you can find them easily. If you get the right answer, move on.

Also, watch for Demon icons. They identify the little things — the difference between two similar words, commonly misused words, and so on — that may sabotage your writing.

English Grammar Workbook for Dummies

What You Are Not to Read I tried to resist, but here and there throughout this book I threw in some advanced grammatical terminology. No human being in the history of the world has ever needed to know those terms for any purpose connected with speaking and writing correct English. In fact, I recommend that you skip them and go skateboarding instead. For those of you who actually enjoy obscure terminology for the purpose of, say, clearing a room within ten seconds, feel free to revel in such exciting grammatical terms as subjective complement and participial phrase.

Everyone else, fear not: These terms are clearly labeled and completely skippable. I assume that you, the reader, already speak English to some extent and that you want to speak it better. You want Smart move. Doctorates in English probably move you up on the salary scale less than any other advanced degree, except maybe Doctorates in Philosophy. Part III addresses what English teachers call mechanics — not the people in overalls who aim grease guns at your car, but the nuts and bolts of writing: A number of punctuation and capitalization rules have changed in recent year, but rest assured.

English Grammar For Dummies, 2nd Edition contains all the new-and-improved stan- dards. Parts IV and V — considerably longer in the second edition than the first — hit the points of grammar that separate regular people from Official Grammarians.

In those parts, you find the stuff that appears in a starring role on standardized tests or in executive memos.

English Grammar Workbook For Dummies, 1st Edition

Part I: I explain the building blocks of a sentence, subjects and verbs, and show you how to put them together properly. In this I also define objects and linking-verb complements and show you how to use each effectively.

Part II: Avoiding Common Errors In this part, I describe other members of Team Grammar — the two types of descriptive words adjectives and adverbs and prepositions — the bane of many speakers of English as a second language. Of course, I give tips for cor- rect usage and explain how to avoid tiny missteps that wreck your writing.

In this part I tell you how to avoid mismatches between singular and plural words, by far the most common mistake in ordinary speech and writing. Part II also contains an explanation of pronoun gender. Reading this section will help you avoid sexist pronoun usage.

Part III: I explain all the rules that govern the use of the worst invention in the his- tory of human communication: I also show you how to quote speech or written material and where to place the most common and the most commonly misused punctuation mark, the comma. I outline the ins and outs of capital letters: I also devote an entire section to the newest punctuation mark — the bullet point — and show you how to create proper presentation slides.

Part IV: In this part, I tell you the difference between subject and object pronouns and pronouns of possession. You need an exorcist. I also go into detail on verb tenses, explaining which words to use for all sorts of situations. I show you how to distinguish between I illustrate some common errors of sentence structure and tackle comparisons — both how to form them and how to ensure that your comparisons are logical and com- plete.

This part covers the moods of verbs ranging from grouchy to just plain irritable and explains how to avoid double-negative errors. I also give you some other pointers on writ- ing with style, even in a character tweet.

Part VI: Here I show you ten methods for fine-tuning your proofreading skills. Not every grammar trick has a built-in trap, but some do. This icon tells you how to avoid common mistakes as you construct a sentence.

Think you know how to find the subject in a sentence or choose the correct verb tense? Take the pop quizzes located throughout this book to find out what you know and what you may want to learn. Are you hoping to spend some time behind ivy-covered walls? To put it another way: Are you aiming for college? Then you should pay special atten- tion to the information next to this icon because college-admissions testers love this material.

Before you do, however, one last word. Actually, two last words: Trust yourself. You already know a lot. For example, you already understand the difference between The dog bit Agnes.

So take heart. Browse the table of contents, check out Chapter 1, and dip a toe into the Sea of Grammar. The water is fine. Part I Getting Down to Basics: The Parts of the Sentence In this part. Can you make a statement like that without bringing the grammar police to your door? The rest of this part explains the building blocks of the sentence. Chapter 4 provides a road map to the subject of the sentence and explains the basics of matching subjects and verbs properly.

Chapter 5 is all about completeness — why the sentence needs it and how to make sure that the sentence gets it. In Chapter 6, I explore the last building block of a sentence — the complement. Why ShouldIStudyGrammar?

In fact, grammar was so closely associated with Latin that the word referred to any kind of learning. This meaning of grammar shows up when people of grandparent-age and older talk about their grammar school, not their elementary school.

The term grammar school is a leftover from the old days. The very old days. These days grammar is the study of language, specifically, how words are put together. Because of obsessive English teachers and their rules, grammar also means a set of standards that you have to follow in order to speak and write better.

However, the definition of better changes according to situation, purpose, and audience. In this chapter, I show you the difference between formal and informal English and explain when each is called for. Deciding Which Grammar to Learn I can hear the groan already. Which grammar?

Yes, there are actually several different types of grammar, including historical how language has changed through the centuries and comparative how languages differ from or resemble each other. The Parts of the Sentence Descriptive grammar gives names to things — the parts of speech and parts of a sentence. When you learn descriptive grammar, you understand what every word is its part of speech and what every word does its function in the sentence.

However, there is one important reason to learn some grammar terms — to understand why a particular word or phrase is correct or incorrect.

English grammar pdf and word doc

Functional grammar makes up the bulk of English Grammar For Dummies. Functional grammar tells you how words behave when they are doing their jobs properly. A little descriptive grammar plus a lot of functional grammar equals better grammar overall. Distinguishing between the Three Englishes Good grammar sounds like a great idea, but good is tough to pin down.

Because the language of choice depends on your situation. What do you say? Wanna get something to eat? Do you feel like getting a sandwich? Will you accompany me to the dining room? These three statements illustrate the three Englishes of everyday life.

I call them friendspeak, conversational English, and formal English. Most important, you need to know your audience. Friendspeak Friendspeak is informal and filled with slang. Its sentence structure breaks all the rules that English teachers love. In friendspeak the speakers are on the same level. In fact, they make some mistakes on pur- pose, just to distinguish their personal conversation from what they say on other occasions.

Me and him are going to the gym. Wanna come? I doubt that the preceding conversation makes perfect sense to many people, but the participants understand it quite well. You already know it. Phat grammar Psst! Want to be in the in-crowd? How do you create an out-crowd? Manufacture a spe- cial language slang with your friends that no one else understands, at least until the media picks it up.

Everyone else is on the outside, won- dering how to get the information. Should you use slang in your writing? The goal of writing and speaking is communication, and slang may be a mystery to your intended audience. Instead of cutting-edge, you sound dated. When you talk or write in slang, you also risk sounding uneducated. In fact, sometimes breaking the usual rules is the point of slang. In general, you should make sure that your read- ers know that you understand the rules before you start breaking them the rules, not the read- ers safely.

The Parts of the Sentence Do you feel like getting a sandwich? Conversational English A step up from friendspeak is conversational English. Although not quite friendspeak, conversational English includes some friendliness. You can relax, but not completely.

Conversational English is — no shock here — usually for conversations, not for writing. Specifically, conversational English is appropriate in these situations: With the help of a good English grammar workbook, you, too, can learn how to be an English grammar wizard.

English Grammar Workbook For Dummies 2nd Edition Pdf

Remember, the purpose of improving your English skills is so that you can effectively communicate. Knowing the grammar rules helps you look like a native speaker as well as write faster and more efficiently.

Learning grammar is extremely important if you need to communicate in English at the university level or in the workforce. A professional audience demands professional quality. Using correct grammar puts you on the same level as others in your field. You just need to find an engaging English grammar workbook that complements your learning style. Some students prefer to have workbooks that are filled with creative ways to approach grammar, while others enjoy reading grammar rules and then solving problems.

That way, you can learn English through a wide range of multimedia resources that are fun and engaging. Adding FluentU to your study material will boost your overall English proficiency level, not just your grammar skills.

Mix and match your resources so that your routine stays fresh, or stick to one book or online resource you especially enjoy. How you learn is up to you!For extra credit, identify the verbs as action or linking. She won't even speak to me. He has the palace staff perform all of those duties every day.

Part I: Prepositions and Pronouns

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