HANDBOOK OF NUTRACEUTICALS AND FUNCTIONAL FOODS PDF
_Cfm Page i Sunday, September 24, AM Half Title Page Handbook of. Nutraceuticals and. Functional Foods Second Edition _C fm. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Jan 31, , Marnie E. Light and others Editor, Handbook of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods (Second Edition). Handbook of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods book. Read reviews from world's largest community for readers. Scientific advances in this field have not.
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The Handbook of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods presents an up-to-date and DownloadPDF MB DownloadPDF MB. devoted to functional food and nutraceuticals addressed to a readership belonging Handbook of food analytical chemistry, Edited by Wrolstad R. E., Ed. John Wiley & Sons, .. yepdf> (last access ). Heimler, D., Isolani. The term nutraceutical is a contraction of nutrition and pharmaceutical. It is regarded as “any substance that is a food or part of a food that provides medical or.
Such product does not include a drug as defined in clause b and ayurvedic, siddha, and unani drugs as defined in clauses a and h of Section 3 of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act and rules made thereunder. Does not claim to cure or mitigate any specific disease, disorder, or condition except for certain health benefits or such promotion claims as may be permitted by the regulations made under this act. Does not include a narcotic drug or a psychotropic substance as defined in the schedule of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act and rules made thereunder and substances listed in Schedules E and E1 of the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules Regulation primarily controls the product quality in case of food.
Every system of regulation has its own pros and cons. But the benefits from the implementation of the Food Safety and Standards Act overwhelmed the problems that rise due to implementa- tion of this act. Unlike in the United States, where the DSHEA is in place to regu- late these products, in India the government is in the process of drafting a law to regulate manufacturing, importing and marketing of health foods, dietary supple- ments and other nutraceuticals [13 14].
The United States and Europe are going to be emerging markets for nutraceutical exports from India, because an existing large market base is already in place and consumers are looking for better and healthier options to prevent lifestyle-related diseases [16,17].
Companies like Amway India and Herbalife are utilizing direct multilevel market- ing to reach new consumers about their products delivered by someone known and trusted. However, most of the large companies have not ventured into nutra- ceuticals or dietary supplements due to regulatory confusion, lack of adequate awareness and understanding and poor vision of the market .
Academics and food companies generally understand functional foods to contain or to be fortified with nutrients or other bioactive compounds that help to main- tain and promote health.
Functional foods in Asia tend to be regulated under the conventional food category. The following claims are permitted in Asian countries: Nutrient content claims: Which state the level of certain nutrients on the product label. Nutrient comparative claims: Which describe the nutrient content or energy value relative to other similar foods. Disease risk reduction claim established by international standard setting body the Codex Alimentarius references used by Asian food authorities for the national food legislation are generally not permitted in Asia.
However, these claims are used in northern Asian countries that have established regulations for functional food. However, a health claims regulatory environment is evolving and significant changes in the next 5 years are expected [18 20].
In order to enter the Indian nutraceutical market, some of the very important areas to focus include product evaluation, actual product analysis, procuring licenses and developing India-specific health and label claims. Hence, the due diligence in terms of carving a specific amount for each ingredient and the combination of ingredients becomes very crucial. Also, manufacturers are unclear whether their products will be classified as food or food supplement or drug in the context of the Prevention of Food Adulteration Act and Rules , Food Safety and Standards Act and Drugs and Cosmetics Act and Rules The Food Safety and Standards Rules highlights the regulatory enforce- ment structure and procedures that central government proposes to make.
The structure has a hierarchy from commissioner of food safety to the number of officers and designations such as food safety officer, food analyst, etc. Developing extracts of documents and authenticating the same by concerned authority 2. Sample collection in the presence of witnesses 3. Sample dispatch to concerned authority different process for bulk package and single package 4.
Handbook of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods, Third Edition
Food analysis 5. If analysis is not complete within stipulated period of time, further action plan by designated officer 6.
Adjudication proceedings holding enquiry, appeal procedure, hearing, etc. To get the product registered in India, the number of licenses almost 4 5 will be required depending on the actual product status such as whether: The inter- link through its regulatory product offerings provides regulatory support for the following licensing procedures, which need to be taken care of before launching these products in India: International as well as national clients have a number of questions about Indian labeling and packaging requirements, packing of consignment, need for sample material and declaration for registration, composition of consignment and approach for the same, label content, and structure function claim and label claim.
New entrants should also consider some of the health claims used in India and the requirements to be met to make specific product claims. Still there is need to clarify and formulate the regulatory frame- work.
Handbook of nutraceuticals and functional foods
If substantiation effectively enforced the Food Safety and Standard Act there is the potential to open up tremendous opportunity for the functional food or nutraceutical industry. There are certain recommendations that could bring about improvements in existing regulations such as: There is a need for an increased collaboration on the manufacturing and research and development front among Indian manufacturers.
There has to be coordination among all agencies, including policy makers, regulators and manufacturers. The manufacturing, validation, research and development and intellectual property protection needs to be standardized.
Joint efforts by the government and private agencies in terms of suitable legislation and help from food scientists show there is tremendous potential for processed functional food in India in the future.
To conclude, the passing of the Food Safety and Standard Act was a sig- nificant first step but a lot more has to happen to eliminate the overlap of old laws and regulations. Prior to the FSSA, there were multiple laws and regulations governing food safety and standards. Nutraceuticals were grouped under the PFA. Food was classified as either fortified or proprietary .
Food was classified under the following heads: Policy Paper [Health Canada, ]. Retrieved Handbook of nutraceuticals and functional foods. ISBN ; Washington, DC: International Food and Information Council; [accessed AAPS Pharmsci ;5 2: Article Nutraceutical and functional food: Nutrition ; Nat Biotechnol ; Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals, Phytochemicals, ,http: Legislative Brief at, ,http: An Industry Perspective at, ,http: Supplementary growth Express Pharma, February 16 29, Untapped wealth of nutraceutical exports.
The Hindu Business Line; CategoryId 5 Professional Book Publishers; Role of nutraceuticals in health promotion. Int J PharmTech Res ;3 1: Download pdf. Remember me on this computer.
What are functional foods?
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Help Center Find new research papers in: For example, uncooked beef contains 2. The inhibition of mammary carcinogenesis in animals is the most extensively documented physiologic effect of CLA 22 , and there is also emerging evidence that CLA may decrease body fat and increase muscle mass both in rodent models 23 and in humans 24 , although not all human studies have been positive in this regard.
There is also preliminary evidence that CLA may increase bone density in animal models Functional foods of plant origin Numerous plant foods or physiologically active ingredients derived from plants have been investigated for their role in disease prevention and health. However, only a small number of these have had substantive clinical documentation of their health benefits.
Some plant-based foods or food constituents currently do not have approved health claims, but have growing clinical research supporting their potential health benefits, and thus would be described as having moderately strong evidence. These include cranberries, garlic, nuts, grapes and chocolate and are discussed briefly below. Cranberries have been recognized since the s for their efficacy in treating urinary tract infections.
A landmark clinical trial 30 confirmed this therapeutic effect in a well-controlled study involving elderly women. More recent research has confirmed that condensed tannins proanthocyanidins in cranberry are the biologically active component and prevent E.
New preliminary research suggests that the antiadhesion properties of the cranberry may also provide other health benefits, including in the oral cavity Garlic Allium sativum has been used for thousands of years for a wide variety of medicinal purposes; its effects are likely attributable to the presence of numerous physiologically active organosulfur components e.
Garlic has been shown to have a modest blood pressure—lowering effect in clinical studies 34 , while a growing body of epidemiologic data suggests an inverse relationship between garlic consumption and certain types of cancer 35 , particularly of the stomach The latter may be due in part to garlic's ability to inhibit the activity of Helicobacter pylori the bacterium that causes ulcers.
The best-documented clinical effect of garlic, however, concerns its ability to reduce blood cholesterol. More recently, a Life Sciences Research Office review of six clinical intervention trials with walnuts consistently demonstrated decreases in total and LDL cholesterol that should lower the risk of CHD In the late s researchers noted that residents in certain areas of France, who were avid drinkers of red wine, had less heart disease than other Western populations even though they consumed more fat in their diet.
It must be noted however, that moderate consumption of any alcoholic beverage, e. For those wishing to abstain from alcohol, recent clinical trials demonstrate that grape juice may also exert beneficial effects similar to those of red wine because both are rich in phenolic antioxidant compounds.
Consumption of grape juice has been shown to reduce platelet aggregation Another food that is a source of polyphenolics and is just beginning to be investigated for its potential benefits to heart health 46 is chocolate.
Chocolate contains flavonoids procyanidins , which may reduce oxidative stress on LDL cholesterol. The effect of green or black tea consumption on cancer risk 48 has been the focus of numerous studies. Studies in animals consistently show that consumption of green tea reduces the risk of various types of cancers. Only a few studies have thus far assessed the effects of black tea.
Green tea is particularly abundant in specific polyphenolic components known as catechins One cup mL of brewed green tea contains up to mg EGCG, the major polyphenolic constituent of green tea. Although epidemiological studies have examined the effect of tea consumption on cancer risk, the data are conflicting This is also true for sphingolipids; however, plants and animals are better sources.
Be the first to ask a question about Handbook of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods. A significant augmentation is necessary for the act to have a large impact on the Indian functional food and nutraceutical industry like the Dietary Supplements Health Education Act DSHEA has had on the die- tary supplement industry in the United States.
To prevent this, an important pulse crop with a diverse array of potential adults older than 50 should obtain most of their vitamin nutritional and health benefits .
Help Center Find new research papers in: Aditi Guleria marked it as to-read Nov 10, Priyanka rated it it was ok Aug 02, American Dietetic