PENCIL SHADING PDF
How to Shade & Pencil Shading Techniques. By Darlene Nguyen - July 19, You guys asked for it, so here it is: the most requested tutorial to date: How. sometimes insufficient ; but a light and shade drawing is capable of expressing much The cast shadow of the pencil upon the shelf and of the cone upon. Exercise One: Learn to draw Six different pencil strokes. .. Step One: Prepare your pencil for the shading technique. Your goal is to expose as much graphite.
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In light of edge, shadow, and shading informa- tion conveyance, our pencil drawing system establishes a style that artists use to understand visual data and . 1- Shade the gradated and graduated value scales in pencil. Create smooth even values. DO NOT use blender, tissue, fingers, or any other method to smudge. Shade the first square as lightly as you can. Holding the pencil in the middle and lightly will help you not to press. • Now shade the last square as dark as your.
The appearance of the core shadow can be affected by reflections or multiple light sources. Reflected Light: Objects are not only lit by light sources, but also by reflected light. Light bounces off different surfaces such as walls or even dust particles in the air, creating reflections.
These reflections can vary in color and value. Cast Shadow and Occlusion Shadow A cast shadow appears when a form blocks light from reaching the surface of another form.
The edges of a cast shadow can appear soft or hard depending on the intensity and distance of the light source. In direct sunlight the edges will appear hard, while in diffused light such as a cloudy day, edges will be soft.
Pencil Drawing Techniques
The longer a cast shadow gets, the lighter and softer it becomes due to reflected light from the environment around it. Can you label the values on the nose sculpture below? Planes angled towards the light directly are the lightest.
It really helps to observe your subject from multiple angles. Once you familiarize yourself with your subject, decide on how you will shade before you actually shade.
Here are a few things to keep in mind before and while you shade: Abrupt vs Gradual Shading Transitions If you want to convey a round edge, avoid abrupt shading transitions. The more gradual your shading is, the more smooth your edge becomes. Is Your Drawing Too Flat? Areas that remain white or are shaded with a solid tone indicate that they are facing the same direction. Have a look at the center forehead plane in the three images below.
The addition of these values are subtle, but do their job in transforming a flat surface into a more shapely one. Also take a close look at the right forehead plane. Shading Practice Download the printable worksheets below and follow the instructions carefully. Follow along using your sketchbook! Page 1 , Page 2 Exercise 1: Pressure Control For the exercises below, try to implement the shading tips and techniques mentioned in Part 2 of the tutorial.
Gradually increase your pressure as you go. Your goal is to get a smooth gradient. Lift your pencil every now and then and rotate it slightly before you continue shading. Your goal is to make it look as though you never lifted the pencil at all. Shade in order from hardest to softest pencil and go from left to right. Your goal is to blend the values together seamlessly so you get something that looks like image 1. Split the area into 4 spaces labeling them 3, 2 and 1. Add a darker layer of graphite over your first layer from left to right and ease up on the pressure as you approach 1.
Do the same thing except this time stopping at 2. Then the same thing for 3.
At this point, you may notice some inconsistencies. Make corrections by adding a few more layers where needed. Use only your pencil to blend each of the values together. Exercise 2: Stretch and Compress Values 2. Shade each one using vertical strokes.
Exercise 3: Analyzing Contours 3a. Add contour lines to each of the shapes below. Make up your own shapes and add contour lines to them. Select 3 very different faces from a magazine and draw vertical and horizontal contour lines across each face.
Pencil Drawing Techniques
If you can learn to alter the weight of line and to incorporate more soft edges in your drawings, it will make a massive difference to the realism and style of your work. Shadow edge Below are two photographs to illustrate the subtle differences in the shadow strengths when I altered the lighting slightly.
Also, see how you can judge the angle of the sun via the length of the cast shadow and the bright highlight. Low angle, hard lighting from direct sunlight.
The second one used a slightly higher lighting position with a softer light creating a softer cast shadow edge. Home setup A small table lamp without a shade is a good choice for setting up your still life at home, if you want to work from life, rather than the photograph above. An opaque bulb will give you a light source in between the two examples above. However, working with pencil, subtleties can get added into the scene that are there too early on and the simple distinction between light and dark gets lost.
During this exercise, you have to make a clear distinction between light and dark because you are using a pen — helping to prevent the separation becoming muddled. It forces you to make a clean decision in your mind before committing pen to paper. This one is 0.
I sketch out the outline of the object and then put in both the cast shadow and the shadow line. I can then indicate the shadow side by hatching lines with the pen. Notice how all of the cast shadows on the table are hatched in the same direction. I then draw in any darker accents on the bottom of the objects. So now I have three tones, the lights, the form shadows and the cast shadows.
This has just given me a really good idea of the shadow patterns within the scene. Find a circular object to draw lightly around, this helps to give you a starting point so we can easily put into practice the theory of the sphere from last week.
Lightly draw an ellipse shape to indicate the cast shadow. Notice how the ellipse cuts through the shape of the circle.
I now use a hard line and add slight angles to the circle, to represent more accurately the shape of the apple. Lightly draw in the shape of the stalk. And then the shape of the highlight. Reinforce the cast shadow shape noticing — the darkest part that sits directly under the apple, the mid tone that makes up the majority of the cast shadow shape whilst keeping a lighter line as you get towards the lightest, softest tail of the cast shadow. Lightly draw the shadow line, it has a slight curve to it.
The curved line below the shadow line indicates a band where the form shadow core falls within. This will be the darkest area of the apple.
I then shade a mid-tone along this form shadow core.I use this technique to convey wrinkled or highly textured skin as well as some types of fabrics. Its very helpful to beginners..
Maintain consistent pressure for each individual stroke. Thank you once again!! A drawing shaded like this will look very scratchy. Are you looking for line drawings that you can use to practice shading? Know your pencils There's a big difference between 4B and 4H Having the right pencil for your sketch is essential.
Thanks Darlene, you are awesome.
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